Wild Horse & Burro Stats

Knowing is half the battle.

The issue of wild horses and burros is not simple, but one thing is very clear: if the American public does not intervene, we will lose these horses forever.

See an extensive list of Resources and References below the Infographic

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BLM BytheNumbers-final



Using Science to Improve the BLM Wild Horse and Burro Program: A Way Forward, by the National Academy of Science

Report in Brief


Position of The Cloud Foundation on the Use of Porcine Zona Pellucida (PZP) by Ginger Kathrens, Sept 2014

Genetic Analysis of the Pryor Mountains Wild horse Range, MT by E. Gus Cothran, August 22, 2013

Immunocontraceptive Reproductive Contro lUtilizing Porcine Zona Pellucida (PZP) in Federal Wild Horse Populations by J.F.Kirkpatrick, Ph.D., Allen T. Rutberg, Ph.D., and Linda Coates-Markle, 2010

Journal of Reproductive Immunology, The Practical Side of Immunocontraception, J.F. Kirkpatrick 2009

Achieving Population Goals in Long-Lived Wildlife Species with contraception,Wildlife Research, by Kirkpatrick and Turner 2008

The Vaccine That Could Save the Range: PZP and Mustangs, Interview with Jay F. Kirkpatrick, by Kristen Kovach, Horse Nation, July 17, 2015


Wild Horses as Native North American Wildlife BY JAY F. KIRKPATRICK, PH.D. AND PATRICIA M. FAZIO, PH.D.

The Wild Horse is Native to North America, by Ross McPhee

New Evidence rewrites time for American Horse Extinction


Rewilding Horses in Europe Background and guidelines – a living document By Leo Linnartz, ARK Nature and Renee Meissner, Herds & Homelands,2014

The Horse and Burro as Positively Contributing Returned Natives in North America
By Craig Downer, Published in American Journal of Life Science. Jan 30, 2014

Proposal for Wild Horse/Burro Reserve Design as a Solution to Present Crisis,
by Craig Downer, Natural Horse Magazine, Oct. 2010

How Wild Horses and Burros Help North American Ecosystems by Craig Downer


Livestock Data Fills Gap in Ongoing Wild Horse Debate by Vickery Eckhoff, The Daily Pitch Fork, Nov. 11, 2015

The Ecological Wisdom of Leaving Nature Alone, The Best Kind of Ranching Is Likely No Ranching At All, By James McWilliams, Cross Posted from Pacific Standard, March 5, 2015

Kicking Out Cows Can Restore Western Wetlands (March 4, 2015) Jason G. Goldman for Conservation

Costs and Consequences, The Real Price of Livestock Grazing on America's Public Lands, by Christina Glaser, Chuck Romaniello and Karyn Moskowitz for Center for Biological Diversity, Jan. 2015

Restoration of Riparian Areas Following the Removal of Cattle in the Northwestern Great Basin By Jonathan L. Batchelor, William J. Ripple, Todd M. Wilson • Luke E. Painter for Environmental Management, Dec. 14, 2014

PEER Interactive Map Shows Grazing Impact.

Federal Expenditures and Receipts Vary, Depending on the Agency and the Purpose of the Fee Charged GAO-05-869: Published: Sep 30, 2005. Publicly Released: Oct 31, 2005.

Fiscal Costs of Federal Public Lands Livestock Grazing by Wild Earth Guardians

Assessing the Full Cost of the Federal Grazing Program, By Karyn Moskowitz MBA and Chuck Romaniello, MS Ag. Econ, Center for Biological Diversity

Holistic Management Misinformation on the Science of Grazed Ecosystems, by John Carter, Allison Jones, Mary O’Brien, Jonathan Ratner, and GeorgeWuerthner

Wildlife and Cows can be Partners, not enemies in search for food.

Grazing Fees and Issues CRS Report

Inequitable Allocation of Forage in Bureau of Land Management Wild Horse Herd Management Areas by American Wild Horse Preservation Campaign, April, 2013


Habitat Suitability Model for Bighorn Sheep and Wild Horses in Bighorn Canyon and the Pryor Mountain Wild Horse Range, Oct. 2003

A Legal Analysis of the Transfer of Public Lands Movement, by Robert B. Keiter and John C. Ruple, Wallace Stegner Center for Land, Resources and the Environment, University of Utah, S.J. Quinney College of Law

Managed to Extinction, A 40th Anniversary Legal Forum assessing the1971 Wild Free-Roaming Horses & Burros Act - Ross McPhee

Wild Horses, the Stress of Captivity by Bruce Nock, PhD.

Should the Wild Free-Roaming Horses and Burros Act of 1971 be Reigned in or Turned out to Pasture?
By Elizabeth A. Thomasian, San Joaquin Agricultural Law Revie, 2014

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